Agro Nocerino Sarnese

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The sons of Ebalo and Nuceria Alfaterna

The northern territory of the province of Salerno and the fertile plain at the slopes of Mount Vesuvius, known as Agro Nocerino Sarnese, has a very ancient history. The first human settlements date back to the ancient bronze Age (in 1600 b.C. there were settlements around Sarno of the population of Sarrasti), but was with Nuceria Alfaterna (sixth century before Christ) that the area becomes important and very well known. The prestigious Nuceria Alfaterna was indeed the head of a league of twelve cities (including Pompei and Sorrento), and had its own alphabet with graphic characters both Etruscan and Hellenic (something unique for that time). Even today you can admire the remains of the ancient Nuceria and the medieval castle that hosted many famous people of history, as Pope Urbano VI, Carlo Martello of Anjou, St. Ludovico of Anjou, Dante Alighieri and Boccaccio. In the Middle Age, moreover, was also founded Cava De’ Tirreni, built around a huge Benedictine abbey from the eleventh century, whose building has been wanted by the powerful Lombard princes of Salerno. The power of the Abbey was immense, and it extended its rule over the whole southern Italy. Therefefore, there were the Aragonese, who contributed for further richness in Cava De’Tirreni. Indeed, they granted more wealth and benefits in the fifteenth century for rewarding the loyalty of the citizens of Cava during their dispute with the Angevins. Also the building of the fascinating “Borgo Scacciaventi”, the core of the modern city nightlife, dates back at that age.

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Questo post è disponibile anche in: itItaliano (Italian)